ERNAKULAM

Kerala God’s Own Country – Welcome To Kerala 

Ernakulam
is just about the center of Kerala. It is basically a collection of islands and narrow peninsulas. Ernakulam is the commercial centre and forms the main land. The commercial capital and the most cosmopolitan city of Kerala, Kochi, in Ernakulam, is known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea. Ernakulam is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea with Kottayam and Alappuzha districts on the south, Idukki on the east and Thrissur on the north. The Backwaters extend east and south of the harbour and contain tiny islands formed naturally over a long time by alluvial deposits from the rivers that empty into them.

Flora & Fauna
The flora of this district is tropical. The heavy rainfall combined with moderate temperature and fertile soil support a luxuriant vegetation. Many of the common plants are found in the coastal area which forms the low land region. Coconut is extensively cultivated here. The midland region is mainly occupied by coconut palms, paddy, plantain, tapioca, sugarcane, pepper and pulses are also cultivated here.

Population
The population is 3,098,378. The decadel growth rate was 9.09 (1991-2001). The traditional feudal society of this district has now almost disappeared. A few decades ago the Hindu like Brahmins, the Kshathiriyas and the Nairs held a dominant position in the society. The progress of education, the spread of liberal ideas, the growing political consciousness among the lower classes, their increasing participation in Government service, the introduction of adult franchise, the growth of industrialisation and the dawn of democratic form of Government have contributed to the new social set up.

Fairs & Festivals
All communities celebrate their festivals generally during the months of February and March the duration of which ranges from one day to ten days.